The moon is the closest planet or natural satellite to Earth and various types of craters are visible on the surface of our Moon , so let us discuss in detail the origin and cause of these potholes
Moon is amazing
The Moon is the planet closest to us in the sky and can be seen at its brightest on a full moon night. It has been the subject of our rich and intensive scientific study, but it is still challenging for us to uncover its facts and mysteries.
Why are craters formed on the moon?
Actually, the meteoroids and asteroids coming from space just keep falling on both the Moon and the Earth. These pits are formed due to their fall. This is also called impact crater. According to media reports, there are more than 14 lakh craters on the Moon. In which 9137 have been identified. The craters on the moon’s surface are not just impact craters. Some craters have also been formed by volcanic eruptions. On March 17, 2013, NASA saw the largest crater on the Moon. This pit was made with 40 kg stone. Which had hit at a speed of about 90 thousand kilometers per hour. With the help of telescope we can see these big craters even from the ground. Pits on the Moon’s surface, called craters, form for a variety of reasons:
- High-Velocity Impacts: One major reason that helps in understanding the origin of craters is that of high-velocity impacts. When large satellites, such as shadow planets, fall on the Moon while approaching the Sun, this type of impact creates craters.
Rocky Surface: Potholes are formed on the surface of the Moon because its surface is round. And is full of stones. When a planet hits the surface of the moon, a large piece of rock flies out, forming craters.
Gravity: Gravity is very high on the Moon, and this makes any impact falling on the planet more effective. This also has a major impact on the shape of the planet, and causes variations in the idea of craters.
Vacuum and Volatile Gases: There is a vacuum on the Moon, due to which no life of any kind can exist on the planet. This recess helps in the formation of craters because the formation of craters does not pose any threat to living life.
Some major craters of the Moon:
- Copernicus: It is a major crater and its diameter is about 93 kilometers. It is visible from Earth.
- Tycho: This is also an important crater and its diameter is about 85 kilometers. This crater is considered to be the largest crater on the surface of the moon.
Copernicus: This crater is easily visible on the full moon night and its
The diameter is approximately 93 kilometers. 4. Plato: This is another major crater of the Moon, and its diameter is about 101 kilometers. It is named after the famous Greek philosopher Plato.
Why don't the craters of the moon fill up?
Actually, the reason for this is the absence of air and water on the moon. That’s why soil doesn’t get eroded there. That’s why these craters do not fill. It remains as it is. Whereas on Earth, depressions usually fill with water and the soil freezes. Even plants grow. You will be surprised that most of the craters on the Moon are 200 years old.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q- How many days does it take for craters to form on the moon?
A- Craters on the Moon are very old and may continue to form for thousands of years.
Q- Do craters fall at high speed while forming?
A- Yes, at the time of origin of craters they fall at high speed, causing high speed shocks.