PAPER-I : HISTORY OF INDIA FROM EARLIEST TIMES TO 1206 A.D.
Main sources of Ancient Indian History; Different Samvat (era) prevalent (used) in Ancient Indian History; Impact of
Geography on Indian History and Culture; Features of Indus-Saraswati Civilization; Society, Polity, Economy, Culture
and Religion as reflected in Vedic literature; 6th Cent. B.C. and the Rise of Buddhism and Jainism; The rise of Janpadas
Rise of Magadha upto the Nandas; Magadha Empire and contribution of Chandragupta Maurya; Ashoka – His Policies
and Dhamma; Mauryan Administration, Cultural Achievements of Mauryan period; Causes of decline of the Mauryan
Different political powers in Pre-Gupta period – Sunga, Satavahan, Saka and Kushana; Prominent rulers and their
contribution in Pre-Gupta Period – Pushyamitra Sunga, Gautamiputra Shatkarni, Rudradaman I and Kanishka I; Sangam
Age-Literature, Society and Culture; Economic Progress in the Pre-Gupta period with special reference to trade and
Early History of the Gupta Dynasty upto Chandra Gupta-I; Prominent Rulers of Gupta Dynasty and their achievements –
Samudra Gupta, Chandra Gupta-II, Skand Gupta; Features of Gupta Administration; Cultural Revivalism and
development of Science and Technology during Gupta Period.
India in the Post-Gupta Period: Formation and Expansion of Vardhana Empire– Harsh; Features of Chola,
Chalukya and Pallava administrator of Vigraharaja Chahamana, Kumara Pala
Chalukya and Bhoja Parmara; Factors leading to disintegration of Rajput states.
PAPER-II : HISTORY OF MODERN WORLD (1453-1950 A.D.
Unit – I
Renaissance: Meaning, causes and development of art and literature; Mercantilism and Commercial Revolution;
Reformation and Counter Reformation; Beginning of Colonialism; American War of Independence: Causes and Results.
Unit – II
Industrial Revolution: Causes and results; French Revolution: causes and results; Napoleon Bonaparte-Conquests and
Unit – III
Vienna Congress; Matternich System and Concert of Europe; French Revolution of 1848 and its impact; Unification of
Italy and Germany; Eastern Question with special reference to Crimean War and Berlin Settlement.
Unit – IV
Imperialism in Asia and Africa- Causes and Results; First World War- Causes and results; Causes and results of
Bolshevik Revolution; Versailles settlement; Causes of the rise of Fascism and Nazism.
Unit – V
League of Nations-aims, achievements and causes of failure; Second World War – causes and results; U.N.O.’s birth,
organization and achievements; Emergence of Modern China , Japan and Turkey.
PAPER I: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
(a) Solar system, Origin of the Earth: Nebular hypothesis, tidal hypothesis, Big Bang theory.
(b) Physical and chemical state of the interior of the earth: structure and zone.
(c) Alfred Wegner’s theory of continental drift.
(d) Plate tectonics.
(f) Theories of mountain building.
(a) Rocks: their types and characteristics.
(b) Weathering and soil formation.
(c) Earth movements: diastrophism- faults and folds (d) Earthquakes.
(e) Volcanoes: causes and landforms.
(a) Cycle of erosion- W.M. Davis and Walter Penk.
(b) Fluvial landforms.
(c) Karst landforms.
(d) Glacial landforms.
(e) Aeolian landform.
(f) Coastal landforms.
(a) Composition and layers of atmosphere.
(b) Insolation and heat budget.
(d) Pressure and winds.
(e) Jet stream.
(f) Air masses and fronts.
(g) Cyclones- tropical and temperate.
(h) Climatic types, Koeppen’s climatic classification.
(a) Configuration of ocean bottom.
(b) Distribution of temperature and salinity in oceanic water.
(c) Ocean currents and tides.
(d) Marine deposits.
(e) Coral reefs and Atolls: types and their origin according to Darwin, Murray and Daly.
PAPER II: RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
Meaning, nature and components of resources & environment, Resources and environment interface. Classification of
resources: renewable and non-renewable, biotic (forests, wild-life, livestoch, fisheries and agricultural crops), and abiotic
(water, land and minerals).
Distribution and utilization of minerals and energy resources- their economic and environmental significance, Types and
distribution of forests, flora, fauna and fisheries- their economic and environmental significance.
Major soil types and their distribution; problems of soil erosion ans soil conservation. Distribution and utilization of
water, water harvesting- need, forms of water, ground water- utility, storing rain water for direct use, economic and
MGSU BIKANER 
Classification of environment: Natural and Human. Man- environment inter-relations with respect to population size,
types of economy and technology. Environmental pollution – water, air, noise and radioactivity- causes, impact and
Environmental management: Forest, soil and wild life and its awareness; environmental education, problems and its
planning, deforestation, Global warming.
Paper I : FOUNDATIONS OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
Political Science: Meaning, Nomenclature and scope; Traditional and Contemporary Perspectives of Political
Science, Behaviouralism and Post Behaviouralism, Relations of Political Science with other Social Sciences (Economics,
History and Sociology)
State : Theories of the Origin (Divine Origin, Social Contract, Evolutionary Theory and Marxist Theory), Nature
of the State – Organic theory of the State, the Concept of Welfare State, Sovereignty : Monistic and Pluralistic theories.
Basic Concepts : Power, Authority and Legitimacy, Rights, Liberty, Equality, Justice and Law.
Democracy and Dictatorship, Parliamentary and Presidential Systems, Unitary and Federal Systems. Political
Parties, Pressure Groups. The Concept of Minority Representation and Proportional Representation.
Organs of Government and their Functions with reference to recent trends, Theory of Separation of Powers.
Good Governance and Globalization.
PAPER II : INDIAN POLITICAL THINKERS
Manu, Kautilya and Shukra.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Swami Vivekanand
Gopal Krishna Ghokhale, Bal Ganga Dhar Tilak and Dada Bhai Narouji
Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhim Rao Ambedkar
M.N. Roy, Jai Prakash Narain and Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya
PAPER – I MICRO ECONOMICS
Definition, Nature and scope of economics, Basic economic problems, Function of an economic system,
Economic theory method and methodology, Micro-Macro, Static and dynamic analysis, Technique of economic analysis,
Concept of equilibrium.
Law of demand and supply, Elasticity of demand-price, income and cross elasticity, Utility- Cardinal and ordinal
approaches- Indifference curve, consumer’s equilibrium (Hicks), Giffin goods, Consumer’s surplus.
Theory of Production and Costs
Production function, Ratio and scale, law of variable proportions, Iso-quant, Expansion path, Ridge lines,
Returns to scale, Economies of scale, Concepts of cost and revenue and their interrelation.
Market Structure (Commodity Pricing)
Market forms – Perfect and imperfect markets, Equilibrium of a firm and industry under Perfect competition,
monopoly and price discrimination, Control of Monopoly Power, monopolistic competition.
UNIT – V
Marginal productivity theory of distribution, Theories of wage determination, Rent-Scarcity rent, Differential
rent, Quasi rent, Classical and Keynesian theories of interest, Profit – Innovation, risk and uncertainty theories.
PAPER – II ECONOMY OF RAJASTHAN
UNIT I : DEMOGRAPHY
Position of Rajasthan in Indian economy-Area, Population, Agriculture, Industry and Infrastructure, Economic
Growth. Population of Rajasthan- Population size and growth. District-wise distribution of rural and urban population,
occupational structure and human resources development (Literacy, health and nutrition indicators), Problem of poverty
UNIT II : NATURAL RESOURCES
Natural resource endowments; land, water, livestock, forests and minerals; state domestic products and its trends.
Environmental pollution and the problems of sustainable development.
Unit-III : AGRICULTURE
Agriculture land utilization, Major crops and cropping pattern. Land Reforms- Rajasthan Tenency Act, ceiling
of land and distribution of land, Green Revolution, Agriculture Marketing. Animal husbandry- Importance of livestock,
dairy development programme, Problems of sheep and goat husbandry. Irrigation and power infrastructure in the state.
Unit– IV : INDUSTRY
Industrial development in the state during Five Year Plans. Regional variation in industrial development, Cottage
Industry, Small scale Industries and Handicrafts. Industrial policy. Role of RFC, RSMDC and RIICO in the industrial
development of Rajasthan.
Unit-V : DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES
Tourism development in Rajasthan, Special Area Development Programmes (DPAP), Desert Development,
Tribal Area Development and Aravallies development programme, Rural Development Planning in the state- Objectives
and achievements. Constraints in the economic development of Rajasthan
Paper- I Poetry and Drama
William Shakespeare: The Seven Ages of Man
Edmund Spenser: One Day I Wrote Her Name
Christopher Marlowe: The Face that Launch’d a Thousand Ships
John Donne: Go and Catch a Falling Star
John Milton: On His Blindness
Alexander Pope: Ode on Solitude, From An Essay on Man
John Donne: Go and Catch a Falling Star
Oliver Goldsmith: The Village School Master (Extract from “Deserted Village”)
William Blake: Tiger
William Wordsworth: The World is Too Much with Us, The Solitary Reaper
George Gordon Lord Byron: She Walks in Beauty
P.B.Shelley: To Night
John Keats: Ode to Beauty
William. Shakespeare: As You Like it
Fritz Karinthy : Refund
Anton Chekhov: Proposal
Renaissance, Reformation, Puritan Age, Metaphysical Movement, Restoration Period, Neo-Classical
Sonnet, Elegy, Lyric, Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Alliteration, Onomatopoeia, Hyperbole, Pun,
Comedy, Tragedy, Tragi-comedy, Rhyme, Rhythm, Ode
Required Readings: Ambrosia(Macmillan), Poet’s Pen ed. Dustoor & Dustoor,(OUP), Strings of Gold ed.
Prof. Jasbir Jain(Macmillan)
Paper- II Prose and Fiction
∗ Francis Bacon: Of Studies
∗ Richard Steele: The Spectator Club
∗ Charles Lamb: A Bachelor’s Complaint against the Behaviour of Married People
∗ Oliver Goldsmith: On National Prejudices
∗ B. Russell: Machines and Emotions
∗ Virginia Woolf : Professions for Women
∗ V.S Naipaul: Seven Rules for Writing
∗ Oscar Wilde : The Model Millionaire
∗ K. Mansfield: A Cup of Tea
∗ H. Munro (Saki): The Open Window
∗ Edgar Allan Poe: Some Words with a Mummy
Charles Dickens: Oliver Twist
Climax, Catastrophe, Myth, Fable, Plot, Metre, Soliloquy, Aside
Elizabethan Prose, History of English Novel, 18th