The World Health Organisation describes gender roles as “Socially constructed roles, behaviors and activities and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women”.
The term gender role refers to society’s idea of how men and women are expected to act and how they should behave. These roles are based on norms, or standards, created by society. Gender roles in response to their environment, including family interactions, the media, peers, and education.
Gender roles are cultural and private They determine how males and females should think, speak, dress, and interact within the context of society. Learning plays a role in this process of shaping gender roles While various socializing agents-parents, teachers, peers, movies, television, music, books, and religion-teach and reinforce gender roles throughout the lifespan, parents probably exert the greatest influence, especially on their very young offspring.
For example, girls and women are generally expected to dress in typically feminine ways and be polite, accommodating, and nurturing. Men are generally expected to be strong, aggressive, and bold.
Factors Determining Gender Roles/Stereotypes
- Personality Traits –Women are often expected to be accommodating and
emotional, while men are expected to be self-confident and aggressive.
- Domestic Behaviours –Some people expect that women will take care of the
children, cook, and clean the home, while men take care of finances, work on
the car, and do the home repairs.
- Occupations – Some people are quick to assume that teachers and nurses are
women, and that pilots, doctors, and engineers are men.
- Physical Appearance –Women are expected to be thin and graceful, while
men are expected to be tall and muscular. Men and women are also expected to
dress and groom in ways that are stereotypical to their gender (men wearing
pants and short hairstyles, women wearing dresses and makeup).
- Gender stereotyping are preconceived ideas where by females anf males are assigned roles and characteristics on bascis of Gender.
- Gender stereotyping can limit the development of natural talent and abilities of girls and boys, men and women,as well as their educational and poofessional experiences and life opportunities.
- Gender stereotyping refers to the practice of perscribing to an individual women and man a specific attributes characteristics, or roles reason only to her and his membership in the social group of women and men .
- Gender stereotyping is Wrongful when it results in violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Types of Gender Sterotypes
- Female stereotype- The stereotype begin since a girl is child their tendency is more to girlish like wear pink clothes, soft toys Playing games related to home. The female stereotypic role in to marry and have childrens. She also to put family welfare befote its own be living compassionate caring,nuturting sympathetic and easily influenced, Gentle, saft hearted, etc.
- Male stereotype- The stereo type begins sice child is boys they taught to be strong to be protective , playing with toys like trucks, Car, robot etc. The male stereotypic role is to be the financial provider. He is also to be assertive competitive , independent courageous and carrer focused. Men do not do house Work . Aggressive, independent , not easily influenced , Dominant, Active etc.