Concept of Sex and Gender

Concept of Sex

  • The Word ‘Sex’ – comes from ‘Latin’ word Sexus’, which is determined by a person’s reproductive organs.
  • Sex refers to the biological difference between males & females.
  • lt is biological term, people are termed either male and female depend their sex organs; i.e., reproductive organs and genes.
  • There are two sexes, male & female. To determine sex, one must assay the following physical condition; chromosomes, external genitalia, internal genitalia, secondary sex characteristics.

 Child sex determined during the birth on the bascis on their reporductive organs and chromosomes . Sex is deterimined by biologicaly.

  • Sex refers to biologically defined and genetically acquired differences between males and females, according to their physiology and reproductive capabilities or potentialities.
  •  It is universal and mostly unchanging, without surgery. 
  • Gender and sex are different from gender identity.

Concept of Gender

Gender comes from the root Latin word ‘genus meaning ‘type’ or ‘sort’.

According to Browne, “Gender refers to the culturally and socially constructed differences between the male sex and female sex.”

It refers to the way in which society encourages and teaches the two sexes to behave in different ways through socialisation.

  • Gender refers to the characteristics of women, men, girls and boys that are socially constructed. on based on the norms/rules of society.It may differ from sex.
  • This includes norms, behaviours and roles associated with being a woman, man, girl or boy, as well as relationships with each other.
  •  As a social construct, gender varies from society to society and can change over time.
  • Different from sex means person me have male sex and female gender.
  • Gender identity refers to a person’s deeply felt, internal and individual experience of gender, which may or may not correspond to the person’s physiology or designated sex at birth. 
  • Gender roles in society means how we’re expected to act, speak, dress, groom, and conduct ourselves based upon our assigned sex. For example, girls and women are generally expected to dress in typically feminine ways and be polite, accommodating, and nurturing.

Features of Gender

  • Socially Constructed: Gender refers to the roles and responsibilities of men and women, which are socially and culturally constructed and created in our families. 
  • Dynamic Concept: Each society and culture has its own perception of the behaviour suited to the male or female, this may change over time due to education or confluence of other cultures. boy girl 
  • Learned Behaviour: Gender involves acquired identity through the process of socialisation in which a person is introduced to his or her gender roles.
  • Gender includes personality traits: Gender usually shapes the behaviour, attitude, values of a person that society ascribes to the two sexes on a differential basis.

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