Rajasthan Geography – RPSC Basic Facts Notes

Before starting the course of geography of Rajasthan we should know some basics facts and features.

Some Basic must know Facts
  • Rajasthan was known by the name Bhramavaratha in Rigvedic era.
  • Maharishi Valmiki mentioned Rajasthan as Maru kantar in Ramayana.
  • The oldest evidence of the ‘name Rajasthan‘ were found in the Chittorgarh inscription (Ghosundi) and Basantgarh inscription (Sirohi).
  • The word ‘Rajputana’ of Rajasthan was first used by George Thomas in 1800 AD.
  • The word ‘Rajasthan’ for Rajasthan was first used by Colonel James Todd in his book ‘Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan‘ in 1829 AD.
  • During the integration, the word Rajasthan was used on 25 March 1948 as the former Rajasthan Union under the second phase. 
  • The name Rajasthan was formally given to Rajasthan on 26 January 1950 in the sixth phase of integration.
  • The integration of Rajasthan was completed in seven phases on 1 November 1956.
  • At the time of integration (1 November 1956) there were 26 districts and five divisions in Rajasthan.
  • In April 1962, Mohanlal Sukhadia (then Chief Minister) abolished the divisional system.
  • On 26 January 1987, Haridev Joshi (then Chief Minister) re-introduced the divisional system and made Ajmer the sixth division.
  • On June 4, 2005, Bharatpur was declared as the seventh and newest division of Rajasthan.
  • 26th district of Rajasthan- Ajmer (November 1, 1956).
  • 27th district of Rajasthan- Dholpur (April 15, 1982).
  • 28th district of Rajasthan- Baran (April 10, 1991).
  • 29th district of Rajasthan- Dausa (April 10, 1991).
  • 30th district of Rajasthan- Rajsamand (April 10, 1991).
  • 31st district of Rajasthan- Hanumangarh (July 12, 1994).
  • 32nd district of Rajasthan- Karauli (July 19, 1997).
  • 33rd District of Rajasthan- Pratapgarh (January 26, 2008).
  • Largest district in terms of area- Jaisalmer.
  • Smallest district in terms of area- Dholpur.
  • Largest division in terms of area- Jodhpur.
  • Smallest division in terms of area- Bharatpur.

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